- What is Unit Testing?
A software development technique. It encourages isolating programming components by mocking their dependencies and testing them in a fully controlled environment. No networking, database queries or other external “heavy” operations are allowed.
- Refactoring means that you change and (hopefully) improve the internal structure of the code without changing the behaviour of the code. For example, developers may change a piece of code in order to make the code run faster but still perform the same task. Why is unit testing important for refactoring?
Unit testing is important as it allows to rapidly check that no functional changes (aka “bugs” or “issues”) have been introduced to the codebase during refactoring. Manual testing does not scale well, so unit testing is more beneficial.
- How does Unit Testing help the bottom-up testing approach?
It ensures that separated components work well. So the probability of them working well together increases.